Illegal Immigration February 22, 2007
 
In February 2003, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) estimated the number of illegal aliens within Washington State to be upwards of 136,000. This estimate means "only ten other states have a higher level of illegal resident aliens" (Federation for American Immigration Reform).
 

The INS uses socio-demographic characteristics to estimate the size of the illegal immigrant population (Center for Immigration Studies).

ß Washington State 2005 estimated illegal alien population: 207,000 (Federation for American Immigration Reform).
 

Below is an estimate of the fiscal cost per state of local expenditures for education of the children of illegal aliens, emergency medical care and incarceration.

 
It should be kept in mind that these three program areas represent only a fraction of the total program costs associated with illegal residents, and they represent only local costs, not national costs.
 
The total costs to the local communities could be as much as double the amount shown depending upon the extent to which this population is allowed to access other social services.
 
In addition these estimates do not attempt to include the costs associated with services provided to Americans who are unemployed, underemployed, or working for depressed wages associated with illegal workers.
I
 
t should also be kept in mind that these cost estimates are based upon a scenario in which the current illegal immigrant population is allowed to stay in the country, additional low skilled workers are allowed to enter the country to take jobs, and true enforcement policies are not put in place to deter future illegal immigration.
 
Alternatively, if comprehensive reform measures are adopted to deter illegal immigration and to encourage those currently in the country illegally to return to their home countries, these significantly increased cost burdens could be avoided, and over time the burden could be significantly reduced.
 

Current $millions, 2010 $millions, 2020 $millions

Alabama, $112, $195, $346
Alaska, $31, $54, $94
Arizona, $1,300, $2,254, $3,990
Arkansas, $117, $202, $356
California, $10,529, $17,813, $30,727
Colorado, $711, $1,217, $2,124
Connecticut, $259, $441, $766
Delaware, $65, $112, $198
District of Columbia, $53, $88, $150
Florida, $1,820, $3,094, $5,352
Georgia, $1,199, $2,058, $3,595
Hawaii, $9, $15, $25
Idaho, $84, $148, $264
Illinois, $2,341, $3,917, $6,699
Indiana, $259, $434, $743
Iowa, $121, $203, $349
Kansas, $235, $396, $685
Kentucky, $67, $117, $207
Louisiana, $26, $43, $72
Maine, $5, $8, $14
Maryland, $331, $551, $934
Massachusetts, $580, $992, $1,737
Michigan, $394, $656, $1,111
Minnesota, $345, $589, $1,023
Mississippi, $32, $54, $94
Missouri, $116, $194, $330
Montana, $5, $8, $14
Nebraska, $126, $213, $367
Nevada, $518, $950, $1,784
New Hampshire, $11, $19, $34
New Jersey, $1,688, $2,816, $4,781
New Mexico, $194, $328, $566
New York, $3,495, $5,669, $9,410
North Carolina, $997, $1,721, $3,027
North Dakota, $10, $16, $27
Ohio, $224, $372, $627
Oklahoma, $207, $356, $624
Oregon, $479, $830, $1,466
Pennsylvania, $285, $477, $812
Rhode Island, $99, $173, $308
South Carolina, $186, $333, $615
South Dakota, $5, $8, $14
Tennessee, $202, $351, $624
Texas, $4,670, $8,014, $14,041
Utah, $244, $417, $727
Vermont, $5, $8, $14
Virginia, $560, $951, $1,636
Washington, $665, $1,149, $2,020
West Virginia, $13, $21, $35
Wisconsin, $249, $425, $738
Wyomin, $5, $8, $14
Total, $36,283, $61,480, $106,313
 
 
 
Incarceration:
In FY'02, the state of Washington reported 1,813 prisoner years of illegal alien detention. Though under the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP), states are partially compensated for the costs of incarcerating "aliens who are serving time for a felony conviction or at least two misdemeanors," the percentage of compensation has been steadily declining in recent years, meaning that Washington State is having to foot more and more of the bill for incarcerating illegal aliens (Federation for American Immigration Reform).
--Department of Corrections
 

Citizenship of those incarcerated in Washington State

93.6% US
3.4% Mexico
3.0% Other
--Dept of Corrections
 

Average daily population in FY06

State facilities….. 16,183
Rented Beds (In and Out of State)……. 1,596
TOTAL = 17,779
Non-US Citizens = 1,138
Average cost/ offender in FY06
State facilities….. $29,055
$33,064,590 spent on incarcerating non-US citizens in FY06
 
 
Medical:
In 2003, Congress appropriated $250 million per year for four years to assist states in providing emergency medical care. Based on its estimated illegal alien population, Washington received $3,243,181 in FY'04 (Federation for American Immigration Reform).
 
 
Education:
LIMITED ENGLISH PROFICIENCY STUDENTS
Data are not available nationally on immigrant students (either legally or illegally resident in the United States) who are enrolled in primary and secondary schools (K-12).
 
However, many of these students are enrolled in Limited English Proficiency/English Language Learning (LEP/ELL) instruction programs. Many may be U.S.-born, but the majority of these students may be assumed to be either immigrants or the children of immigrants, with the exception being areas with native Americans who speak a native language other than English.
 
In Washington, overall enrollment in 2002 (1,009,626) was 4.9 percent above enrollment in 1993. By contrast, LEP enrollment (70,431 - 7% of all enrollment) was 114 percent higher than a decade earlier.
 

Data on enrollment in LEP/ELL programs are collected by the federal government from school systems that receive Title VII funds for these special instruction programs. The data on LEP/ELL enrollment are understated because data from private schools that do not apply for Title VII assistance are sketchy.

 
 
Estimating the Cost of Educating Illegal Alien Students and their Siblings
The table below provides FAIR's estimates by state of the annual costs of K-12 instruction to the school-age children of illegal aliens. The estimates below (in $ millions) were developed for FAIR's 2005 publication Breaking the Piggy Bank: How Illegal Immigration Is Sending Schools into the Red.
 

State , Illegal Alien Student Cost, U.S.-born Sibling Cost in millions of dollars.

 

Alabama, $34, $48

Alaska, $11, $16
Arizona, $312, $437
Arkansas, $37, $52
California, $3,220, $4,508
Colorado, $235, $329
Connecticut, $95, $133
DC, $20, $27
Delaware, $22, $31
Florida, $634, $887
Georgia, $397, $555
Hawaii, $3, $4
Idaho, $27, $38
Illinois, $834, $1,168
Indiana, $86, $120
Iowa, $41, $58
Kansas, $80, $112
Kentucky, $22, $30
Louisiana, $7, $10
Maryland, $117, $164
Massachusetts, $206, $288
Michigan, $135, $190
Minnesota, $115, $161
Mississippi, $10, $14
Missouri, $37, $52
Nebraska, $43, $61
Nevada, $134, $187
New Jersey, $620, $868
New Mexico, $64, $89
New York, $1,306, $1,829
North Carolina, $321, $450
Ohio, $76, $107
Oklahoma, $67, $94
Oregon, $167, $234
 

Other States, $12, $17

Pennsylvania, $100, $140
Rhode Island, $36, $51
South Carolina, $60, $84
Tennessee, $65, $91
Texas, $1,645, $2,304
Utah, $77, $108
Virginia, $189, $264
Washington, $229, $320
Wisconsin, $84, $117
Total, $12,036, $16,850

--Washington Policy Center